Enjoy your home garden in your garden or planter!

Enjoy your home garden in your garden or planter! Introducing soil preparation for growing vegetables, including how to make and basic steps

Nowadays, more and more people are enjoying planter cultivation not only in their own gardens, but also on their balconies, etc., and home gardens have become a familiar presence. However, I am not satisfied with the performance of the vegetables! Also the voice. “Soil” is the key to the success of a kitchen garden. So, here we will introduce how to prepare the soil to grow delicious vegetables.

Create an environment that makes it easy for vegetables to grow

Before preparing the soil, create an environment where vegetables can grow comfortably . First, once you have decided on the location of your vegetable garden, simply surround it with stones, bricks, fences, etc. to separate it from other gardens. Most vegetables love the sun, so choose a sunny location.

Drainable, water retentive and breathable
Don’t you often hear the expression “fluffy soil” ? This is good soil for a home garden. Soft soil contains air, so it has good air permeability and drainage, and has water retention.

It’s a bit technical, but the ideal soil is called “agglomerated structure” , where small lumps of soil that store moisture are grouped together with just the right amount of space between them.

A good way to check for good soil is to soak a handful of soil. If you hold it lightly, it will harden, and if you press it lightly with your hand, it will come loose.

Good balance of soil pH and nutrients
pH means whether it is acidic or alkaline. “Soil acidity” is an important keyword in growing vegetables. In Japan, where there is a lot of rain, it tends to be acidic, so it is necessary to adjust the acidity to be suitable for cultivation.
Also, nutrition is a very important factor in growing vegetables. The key point is that the nutrients, including phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium, which are called the three major elements of fertilizer, are contained in a well-balanced manner.

There are many different types of microorganisms
The “aggregate structure” that I explained earlier is sustained by the action of activated microorganisms. In other words, in order to create good soil, the work of diverse organisms is essential. Fertilizer is broken down into small pieces by microorganisms, allowing vegetables to absorb the fertilizer, and as a result, vegetables grow vigorously. tools to use
It is convenient to have a small shovel “transplanting trowel” , which is an essential item for soil preparation . It can be used in all kinds of situations, such as taking soil in and out, plowing, and harvesting. A hoe is useful for plowing the soil, making ridges, and harvesting root vegetables. It is convenient to have a “shovel” that is useful for digging deep into the soil and leveling the soil .

There are also tools such as planters, pots, watering cans, props and scissors that are prepared according to the growing environment and vegetables.

material used
The basic materials for making good soil are “lime”, “compost” and “fertilizer” . Mixing these with the soil improves the properties of the soil, increasing air permeability, drainage, and water retention.

lime
Soil acidity is an important factor in growing vegetables. If the soil is too acidic, the roots of the vegetables will be damaged and it will be difficult for them to absorb nutrients. Conversely, if the alkalinity becomes too strong, growth will be hindered.

Lime, which has alkaline properties, makes the soil weakly acidic to weakly alkaline. Magnesium lime is commonly used in home gardens . Magnesium is magnesium and lime is calcium.

However, the appropriate acidity varies depending on the vegetable, so first use a commercially available kit to check the pH and adjust the acidity. Depending on the results, it may not be necessary to apply lime.

compost
“Compost” is made by decomposing and fermenting organic matter such as fallen leaves, rice straw, and livestock excrement such as cow dung with the action of microorganisms. By mixing compost into the soil, the effects of water retention, drainage, and air permeability are enhanced, and the “crumb structure” of good soil is maintained.

fertilizer
Fertilizer is an indispensable “nutrition” for vegetables. Fertilizer promotes the growth of vegetables and has the role of making fruits bigger and more delicious. Prepare either a chemical fertilizer (inorganic fertilizer) made by decomposing minerals , or an organic fertilizer made from plant-derived oil residue or bone meal , or a fertilizer with a good balance of both.

preparation
With all the tools and materials ready, it’s time to start making soil! I would like to say, but let’s do the groundwork before making the soil so that the vegetables can grow healthily and comfortably.

when making soil
Once you have decided on a spot for your vegetable garden, use a hoe or shovel to dig up about 30cm of soil . If soil that is still hard is used, drainage, water retention, and air permeability will be poor, and vegetables will not grow well.
After digging, break up the lumps of soil into small pieces. By making the soil particles finer, you can send water, nutrients, and oxygen to the roots. At this time, it is convenient to use a hoe. Finally, remove pebbles, weeds, etc.

Check soil acidity
It may sound persistent, but soil acidity is an important factor in growing delicious vegetables . Measure the acidity of the soil in the plot of your home garden to see if the soil is slightly acidic.

Basic steps of soil preparation
Once you’ve prepared the tools and materials and completed the preparations, it’s time to start! It’s time to start making soil. Here, I will explain how to make soil easily even for beginners step by step.

Measure and adjust acidity.
As I mentioned earlier, soil acidity is a very important factor in growing vegetables. First, find out what kind of vegetables you want to grow and what pH values ​​are suitable for those vegetables.
For example, spinach tends to have a high pH value, while root vegetables such as sweet potatoes and potatoes tend to have a relatively low pH value. while root vegetables such as sweet potatoes and potatoes tend to have a relatively low pH value. If the acidity of the soil in which the plant is cultivated is not suitable for the plant, it will not grow well, so be careful.

There are several ways to measure acidity. One method is to use a test paper or a pH measuring solution . Soil and water are placed in a container, and the pH test paper is checked by dipping the paper in the supernatant liquid, and the pH test solution is added to the water to check the color. The other method is to use a pH measuring instrument, which is inserted into the soil to measure the pH value.
After measuring the acidity, if you want to make the soil alkaline , mix “magnesium lime” into the soil. However, it will become acidic again due to rain, etc., so regular adjustment is necessary. Adjust the amount of lime while checking the pH value.

Apply lime two weeks before planting seedlings. The point is to let it rest for about 1 to 2 weeks after sowing
compost
It is recommended to apply compost three weeks before planting seedlings . Compost doesn’t directly nourish vegetables like manure, but it makes the soil softer by mixing it in before growing. There are various types of compost, such as cow manure, chicken manure, straw, and rice husks. Spread compost evenly over the plowed land and mix it with the soil carefully with a hoe.
Apply fertilizer.
One week before planting the seedlings is a guideline for the base fertilizer that will be used as fertilizer . Sprinkle the base fertilizer over the entire surface of the vegetable garden and plow it well to make ridges.
Fertilizer containing the three major elements of “Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium” is given as the base fertilizer . More fertilizer is not necessarily better. The amount of fertilizer to be applied is roughly determined by the crop, so let’s sow the necessary amount of vegetables you want to grow.

Planter vegetable garden recommended for beginners
So far, we have introduced soil preparation for home vegetable gardens, which are mainly practiced in gardens. Here, we will introduce the “planter vegetable garden” recommended for those who want to start a home garden more easily and those who live in apartments .

Ready-to-use potting soil
Since the amount of soil in a planter is limited, we recommend using potting soil anyway. Potting soil is soil made for a specific plant. We have potting soil for different uses, such as “for seeding” and “for vegetables”. Since it uses clean soil, it is less prone to diseases and does not require pH adjustment .

When you actually start a home garden, you will probably have various questions about the soil. Here, we have picked up a lot of questions about soil preparation. Please use it as a reference for the soil preparation that you will challenge from now on.
When is the best time to make soil in your garden or field ?
Nowadays, when you go to a home center, you can see vegetable seedlings almost all year round. This means that you can sow seeds and plant seedlings all year round. Therefore, to exaggerate, soil preparation is OK all year round.

However, soil preparation should be done one month before planting seedlings . Remove pebbles and roots a month in advance and plow, mix compost about three weeks in advance, and lime two weeks in advance. Considering the process of applying fertilizer at the end, it would be good to see the period for about a month.

How to deal with weeds?
The fact that vegetables grow steadily means that weeds also grow steadily at the same time. Have you ever had the experience of “I neglected to weed a little, and the vegetables were hidden by weeds!”?

Weeds are the enemy of the home garden . Not only does the lack of sunlight affect the growth of vegetables, but it also causes diseases and pests. The countermeasures are as follows: 1. Remove weeds frequently by mowing, etc. 2. Use herbicide 3. Cover the ground with a weed control sheet or black mulch film 4. Cover the ground surface with ground cover plants that are short and have strong fertility. , etc. If you say, “I don’t want to use herbicides” or “I can’t use anti-weed sheets because of the type of vegetables,” it seems that you have no choice but to weed them patiently.

It’s clay soil, but can vegetables grow properly?
Clay soils are not suitable for home gardens as they have poor aeration and drainage . However, by modifying it, it can be used in home gardens as well. The method is to first dig up to a depth of about 30 cm, and then mix leaf mulch, compost, river sand, etc. into the soil. By doing this, you can improve the soft soil that is gentle on the roots of the vegetables.

summary

Home gardens have become very familiar these days. However, even if you start a home garden, you may end up with disappointing results if you don’t know the tips and tricks. The “soil preparation” introduced this time is the “liver” that makes a home garden successful. It’s an important “first step” to harvest plenty of delicious vegetables, so let’s take care of it.

[How to grow and care for lawn] Challenge to create a nice garden with lawn! A thorough explanation of how to put it on and how to manage it every month! 
The “lawn” goes well with Western-style gardens as well as Japanese-style gardens. A house with a beautiful lawn garden that is properly maintained is very nice, but many people may think that the lawn is difficult to manage.

Like all gardening, your lawn will die and weeds will grow if you don’t take care of it. However, the actual care is not as difficult as you might think, and if you know the basics of how to grow it, you can enjoy it at home.

Here, we will introduce in detail the types of lawn, how to spread it, and how to care for it on a daily basis. “I long for a beautiful, green lawn garden, but I don’t know where to start
The pros and cons of having a lawn in your garden
One of the big problems when creating a garden is what kind of material to lay. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using grass instead of gravel or concrete?

Benefits of having grass in your garden
The charm of the lawn is the atmosphere of nature. The garden with lush green lawn makes you feel refreshed. It feels soft and fluffy, and it is also a great attraction that children and pets can play freely. It also goes well with gardening, and can bring potted plants and flowerbeds to life.
One of the merits is that there is no reflection like concrete, and it is easy to keep cool. Even in the midsummer when the sun is strong, you can spend comfortably. On the other hand, artificial turf, which is a fake green, tends to retain heat due to the nature of the material, so in the summer it can get so hot that you can’t walk barefoot.
The construction cost is not so high compared to other materials. Natural grass is cheaper to install than artificial grass. Because it is easy to handle, it can be replaced by DIY.

If it is grass, it can be easily removed during renovation. Gravel, concrete, etc. take a lot of time and effort to remove, and it also costs money.

In addition, it is easier to maintain by laying a lawn rather than leaving it as soil. If you leave the soil as it is without doing anything, you may be annoyed by mud splashing on rainy days and dust on windy days. Another drawback is that it gets dirty easily. Having a lawn can solve these problems.

Disadvantages of having grass in your garden Lawn gardens require regular maintenance. Natural grass requires watering, fertilizing, weeding, and mowing. In some cases, if you leave it too long, it will wither, so it is important to research and practice the minimum maintenance. With proper care, it can grow for a long time.

In addition, Korai Shiba goes dormant in winter and turns brown. It is not lush all year round. However, in other words, each season has a different expression, so you can feel different flavors throughout the year.

In addition, Korai Shiba has the characteristic that it is difficult to grow in a sunny garden. An area that is in constant shade may be difficult to plant in the first place.

Still, the comfort of a Korai grass garden is irreplaceable. If you want to start living with a lawn in your garden, we recommend that you try it. Choose the type of lawn that suits your taste and put it in your garden.

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